Urban Migration and Newly Developed Forms of Trafficking in India

Nisha Sengar | September 23 | 2:45 - 3:45 PM | Room 3018

Previously, sex trafficking was the main topic of human trafficking study in India. But the post liberalization lifestyle changes in India has generated an increased demand for labor trafficking. Specifically, for people who can work in houses, offices, entertainment and the leisure industry which is largely informal in nature. Informal workers, make up 90% of the workforce in India which generally turn out to be labor trafficking situations.

The Indian real estate market is expected to gross $180 billion by 2020 where the housing sector alone contributes to 5-6% of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The real estate sector consists of four sub sectors - housing, retail, hospitality and commercial. There is huge demand for unskilled labor in real estate as well as for household assistance and domestic servitude. The demand is higher than the supply of man power resulting in women and children being pulled into cities to work in exploitative situations.


India is going to witness more trafficked victims in the form of domestic servitude and bonded labor along with a rise in illegal organ transplantation. The legal procedure to receive organ donation is too cumbersome that the recipient often dies before the official procedure gets completed. Consequently, traffickers are addressing this scenario by facilitating organs with the help of doctors in their network often by offering a huge share of what they get out of organ trading.

Presentation Objectives:

Attendees will learn about specific cases of labor trafficking as mentioned above.

i.e. Domestic servitude, workers in real estate as bonded laborers and illegal organ trading in India

About the Presenter