Human trafficking, which has become a global problem, requires a global response. Thus, the United Nations as well as the European Union has taken an action to combat human trafficking globally.
According to the definition, “trafficking in persons” shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of a threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation (Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons). In order to combat such a multidimensional problem of human trafficking, it is also important to determine strategies and methods as well as obtain global cooperation. In this context, the United Nations has set out an action framework for effective implementation. The Framework is based on the objectives of the United Nations Trafficking Protocol and its provisions, following the three internationally recognized themes of prevention, protection, and prosecution (the 3Ps) and national and international cooperation and coordination (UNODC, 2009b). In this frame, this study is focused on counter-trafficking efforts of Turkey. The aim of this study is to analyze counter-trafficking policies of Turkey with the 3Ps including the way they define human trafficking, existing legislation, institutions and methods used for combating trafficking.
· Describe the United Nations and European Union’s response to the global problem of human trafficking
· Discuss strategies to combat human trafficking and increase cooperation
· Describe the 3Ps (prevention, protection, and prosecution)
· Explain counter-trafficking efforts in Turkey